Early in your career is the best time to begin saving for retirement. The more consistent your savings habits, the more comfortable you’ll be in your golden years.
By Jim Chapman, Director, Wells Fargo Institutional Retirement and Trust
Young employees might view putting aside money for retirement as something that’s too difficult to do. It’s something they believe can be done later, since the retirement date is so far away. But just the opposite is true. Simply enrolling in the plan at a young age and having those payroll deductions accrue in a pre-tax savings account is a solid strategy for starting down the path of saving for retirement.
Results from our latest Wells Fargo Retirement Study show the difference this approach can make. Workers ages 55 to 59 who began contributing to a retirement plan at an average age of 31 had amassed a median of $150,000 toward their goal of a median of $500,000, three times as much as what workers in their 60s or older had saved, who started saving at an average age of 37. Six more years of savings made a significant impact, something that really stood out to me. It reinforces something our industry is well aware of, the concept of employees using time to their advantage. Younger workers who have “time on their side” shouldn’t squander this gift that some longer-tenured workers may envy.
Many companies we work with, recognizing the impact of savings over time, have added an automatic enrollment feature to workplace plans. New employees joining the company are automatically in the plan at a starting percentage, unless they opt out. It’s one of many strategies that should pay dividends for generations of workers saving for retirement in a 401(k) plan or equivalent plan.
This strategy also creates an environment for consistent savings, another key contributor to success in saving for retirement. Of those responding to our 2015 retirement study, 45 percent of workers 40 or older and 47 percent of retirees told us they had started saving for retirement from the first day they began working. This group of workers 40 or older who kept saving throughout their careers have amassed a median of $160,000 in retirement savings, exactly $100,000 more than workers who have not consistently saved. We were pleased to see that income level didn’t deter people from consistently saving. In our study, 31 percent of those saving for retirement from the beginning earned less than $50,000 a year.
Consistent savers in our study also shared they had a healthier outlook: 71 percent believe they will have enough saved for a comfortable retirement and only 28 percent plan to heavily rely on Social Security.
I would also advocate that saving consistently also means leaving that savings alone. As dollars grow in a workplace retirement plan, it can be tempting to withdraw some of it for today’s expenses. There are significant penalties that come with early withdrawals. Not only will you lose out on that pre-tax money saved for retirement, but many people in this situation also stop contributing to their retirement plan. That means you’re losing out two different ways.
People without a workplace savings plan can still be consistent savers. Subject to eligibility requirements, you can set up an automatic savings program and make systematic contributions up to $5,500 annually to either a Roth IRA (with after-tax dollars) or traditional IRA (with pre-tax dollars). Consider this: Annual contributions of $5,500 become $110,000 in 20 years!
Some retirement savings tips
Here are some other steps to foster consistent retirement savings:
- Use the tools available in your plan. If your workplace plan includes an employer match, work hard to contribute enough to take full advantage of it.
- If you have access to a workplace savings plan but haven’t started contributing, enroll today.
- Individuals contributing to a workplace plan should consider increasing their contribution amount by 1 percent each year.
- Most plans allow workers over the age of 50 in a 401(k) plan to make catch-up contributions up to $6,000 each year, on top of the $18,000 annual deferral savings limit for all workplace plans. That’s a great way to maximize savings as retirement draws closer.
Jim Chapman is the director of Wells Fargo’s Institutional Retirement and Trust group in Houston. He is based in Houston.